Bone Specialist Doctors!

* Arthritis & Musculoskeletal Center

* Concussion Center

* Foot & Ankle Center

* Hand, Wrist, Elbow & Shoulder Surgery

* Hip & Knee Surgery

* Musculoskeletal Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation

* Orthotic & Prosthetic Services

* Center for Osteoporosis and Metabolic Bone Disease

* Pediatric & Adolescent Orthopaedic Surgery

* Center for Pediatric Rheumatology

* Pediatric Scoliosis

* Rehabilitation & Sports Therapy

* General Rheumatology

* Spine

* Sports Health

* Courage Award Nomination


** Walkers tips

** Cane tips

** X-ray

** Bone scan

** Hip pain

** Headache

** Numbness

** Arm pain

** Leg pain

Arthritis & Musculoskeletal

Musculosketal which considers with our bones , muscles and joint pain. They are the most common problems of musculoskeletal.Dr. Crystal Hospitals Ltd., have huge data for primary health setting for the pain of muscles, bones , joints as well as ligaments.

COMMON CAUSES OF MUSCULOSKELETAL
A.CARPAL
B.LIAGMENT SPRAIN
C.ROTATOR CUFF TENDOTITIS
D.TENSION NECK SYNDROME
E.TENDONITIS

It is mostly caused by an injury to joints ,muscles, or nerves. It is caused by jerking movements, falls, car accidents, fracture, spains, direct blows to muscle or discloations.

OSTEOARTHRITIS

It is a type of joint diseases which results from breakdown of joint underlying bone. OSTEOARTHRITIS is derived from the ' greek ' word 'osteo' which means bone and arthritis means "JOINT". It is most of common cause of disability. OSTHEOARTHRITIS is also known as degenerative joint diseases. It affects hips, knees, and ankles as well as the hand and spine.

RHEUTAMOID

Rheumatoid is autoimmune diseases; which includes diabetes, inflammatory, bowel diseases and rheumatoid arthritis-are on the rise. It is sub-specialty in internal medicine. It normally protects its foreign substances like bacteria and viruses-it attacks the joint by mistake.

JUVENILE

It is one of the type of arthritis which occurs in children under 16 year of age. It may cause disability and restrictions in school and other activities.

GOUT

The diseases; which is generated by uric in the bloodstream. It mostly affects the joint in the base of big toe; and it's affected in about half of cases. It may also turn out in tophi , kidney stones or urate nephropathy. The gout occurs due to combination of two factors:
A. DIET FACTOR
B.GYNETIC FACTOR

Concussion

Concussion is also termed as trauma, It is temporary damage to the brain. It is caused by blow on the head or a violent shock from a heavy blow. If you are suffering with sick or confused.

The origin word of concussion is' concutere' which means shake violently. The person suffering from concussion has a increased risk of recurrence. It requires more time to recover.

BONE AND JOIN TREATS CONCUSSION SERIOUSLY

The risk increases of your concussion as you are active in playing, or riding; it is not good for your health .It is long lasting impact concerned with many people. The sports medicine of bone and joint center has developed a state of the art concussion assessment and care program.

Foot & Ankle Center

The bones and the ankle of the foot are the main appendicular skeleton. Many activities are done by ankles and foot of our daily or regular work.

TREATMENT:
A. ARTHRITIS
B. ARTHRITIS FOOT CARE
C. BUNIONS
D. HAMMER TOES
E. SPRAINED ANKLES
F. PHYSICAL THERAPY
G. SURGERY

A group of bones collectively known as the tarsus located in the foot and it is formed by union of lower leg bones. These are three bones which forms tight synovial. They are as follows:

A. TIBIA
B. FIBULA
C. TALUS

In our body there are 26 bones , 33 joints and more than 100 muscles , tendon and ligaments.

SYMPTOMS:
A.INFLAMMATION
B. DIFFICULTY WALKING
C.WEAKNESS
D.STIFFNESS
E.PAIN
F.SWELLING
Hand, Wrist, Elbow & Shoulder Surgery
CONDITONS

A. EMERGENCY BONE FRACTURES
B. BREAK
C. ARTHRITIS

SURGICAL OPTIONS

A. NERVE RESTORE
B. REPLACEMENT OF TOTAL AND PARTIAL SHOULDER
C. PROPER TREATMENT OF HAND AND WRIST PROBLEMS

SPECIALIZED TREATMENT SHOULD BE TREATED IN:
HAND AND WRIST

a. Arthritis
b. Trigger finger
c. Fractures
d. Trigger thumb
e.scaphoid fractures
f. tendonitis
g. Distal radius fractures
h. Ulnar collateral ligament sprain
i. Kienbok's disease

ELBOW

a. Tendinopathy
b. Fracture
c. Arthritis
d. Tennis elbow
e. Cubital tunnel syndrome
f. Sprains
g. Strains
h. Radial tunnel syndrome

SHOULDER PAIN
CONSERVATIVE TREATMENT

a. Rest
b. Physical therapy
c. Injections

SURGICAL TREATMENT

a. Open shoulder treatment
b. Shoulder resurfacing
c. Total shoulder replacement
d. Shoulder arthroscopy

Hip & Knee Surgery
HIP SURGERY

A Surgery in which; a painful hip is fully removed with arthritis and replaces by an artificial joint made from plastic and metal components. When there is no other option than hip surgery is required. This surgery makes walking easier. It is also known as prosthesis. A hip surgery can be done of the adults under the age between 60 and 80.
KNEE SURGERY
Knee surgery is also known arthroplasty. Knee surgery is one of the most common surgery in united states. By the reason of osteoarthritis people go for the knee surgery. It occurs when cartilage-the cushion between the knee and bone joints breaks down. MEDICAL USES
A. Done to treat joint failure induced by osteoarthritis.
B. Hip surgery is recommended after physical therapy.
C. INDICATIONS INCLUDED:
a. Rheumatoid Arthritis
b. Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis
c. Paget's disease

Musculoskeletal Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation

Musculoskeletal rehabilitation program improves functional capacity, reduce symptoms and improve the condition of patient.

BENEFITS FROM MUSCULOSKELETAL REHABILITATION

A. Back pain
B. Arthritis
C. Joint injury and replacement
D. Bone tumors
E. Amputation

Physical medical and rehabilitation is also known as Physiatrists. It is specialist in the case of neurological and musculoskeletal conditions.
MUSCULOSKELETAL ULTRASOUND
It produces pictures of muscles, tendons, ligaments and joints throughout the body. It requires a little information for special requirements.
This technique is used for :
a. Patient's outcome from illness
b. Reduce pain
c. Useful for deeper injections

Orthotic & Prosthetic Services
ORTHOTIC PROSTHETIC SERVICES MODIFIED

Prosthetic is trained to prescribe , fit , design and monitor orthoses and prostheses. It educates the use and proper care and maintain the regularities of orthist and prosthetist, which individual serves. It is tertiary qualified. It treats the functional and physical limitations of people. Orthotics makes difference in achieving optimum heal and ability.
BENEFITS
A. Increases health of body
B. Foot mechains
c. Relieve inflammation
Prosthetist goal is simple. A Prosthesis is also called as artificial limb. One of the type of prosthesis is called cosmesis. Prosthesis is the replacement of the part of the body such as the tooth, eye, the palate, a knee or another joint. Joint replacement and arthroplasty means the same thing.
These services is required by children to adults.

Center for Osteoporosis and Metabolic Bone Disease

It's a common disease. It's a risk is increased about 54 million Americans who have osteoporosis. Risk for osteoporosis is much as 68% of the 44 million people related to their fracture for lifetime75% of osteoporosis affects to women. Common sites of osteoporosis fracture is
a. Wrist
b. Shoulder
c. Hip
d. Spine
For improvement there is no other option rather then getting enough calcium and vitamin D, which is essential for bone health. FAST FACTS of osteoporosis
A .Affects bone structure
B .Smoking
C .Poor nutrition
D .Silent disease
METABOLIC BONE DISEASE
Metabolic bone disease is nothing but metabolic bone disorders of bone strength. Bones can develop cancer and infection. It makes your bone very brittle and weak. As the bone becomes weak it starts getting break.
TYPES OF BONE FRACTURES
A. Stable fracture
B. Oblique fracture
C. Transverse fracture
D. Comminuted fracture

OSTEOMALCIA

Osteo is, individually in different weak bone due to loss of minerals and by the depletion of calcium from bone .It is produced by poor dietary intake or poor absorption of calcium. The treatment is also by a dietary change. OSTEOMALACIA is defined in a Greek word:
Osteo-(bone)+malakia(softness)=softness of bone.

Pediatric & Adolescent Orthopaedic Surgery

Pediatric surgery is a surgery of fetuses. If a child is bearing from injury or disease which requires surgery or treatment. A Pediatric surgeon has the experience and the qualification to your child.

a. Surgery for abnormalities
b. Surgical repair of birth defects
c. Diagnosis and surgical care
d. All other surgical procedures for children
ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY
It is a physician developed to the diagnosis, disease of the body's musculoskeletal system. Orthopedic surgeons are familiar with all aspects of musculoskeletal system. This system involves bones, joints and ligaments for the treatment. TREATMENTS
Ortho treats many musculoskeletal conditions with all ages. If the patient does not respond from treatment than the option goes for surgery. Mainly it includes:
a. Abnormalities of foot and toes
b. Osteoarthritis
c. Rheumatoid arthritis
d. Sprains
e. Strains
SURGERY TREATMENTS
A. Arthroscopy
b. Internal fixation
c. Soft tissue repair
d. Osteotomy
e. Joint replacement
It requires special care.

Center for Pediatric Rheumatology

Child suffering from pain, musculoskeletal system in joints, muscles, bones or tendons then pediatric rheumatology is recommended. Pediatric rheumatology practices who are doctors of pediatric. For being a specialist in pediatric rheumatology they had 4 years medical school including with a additional 3 years of residency training. It is organized and certified by American board of pediatrician. TREATMENTS
Rheumatology works with family physician to treat with a variety of joint, muscles, bones disorders including the following:
a. Arthritis
b. Inflammatory disease
c. Subspecialist doctors
We can refer to our doctor which is near by our hospitals, universities and many more.

Pediatric Scoliosis

All scoliosis results from variety of causes. Mostly it is considered from idiopathic. Scoliosis is a medical definition in which a person has a sideway curves. The curve is shaped usually as 'c' or 's'. The pain is not typically present of scoliosis. It occurs in people above 3%. It causes mainly in the age of ten and twenty.

Scoliosis is termed as three dimensional deviation in the axis of person's spine. It examines the face of person. Scoliosis is described as a biochemical deformity which depends on asymmetric or also termed as Heuter- Volkman law.

SIGNS

a. Uneven hips, arms or leg lengths
b. Slow nerve action
c. Uneven musculature
d. Problems of heart and lungs in several cases
e. Prominent shoulder blade

SYMPTOMS

a. Back pain
b. Constipation
c. Painful menstruation
d. Respiratory problems

TYPES

a. Idiopathic
b. Congenital
c. Neuromuscular

HOW PEDIATRIC SCOLIOSIS DIAGNOISED?

Scoliosis can affect to any age of people as it is most common in Adolscents. About 2% of the population is affected by scoliosis. Pediatric is treated by doctors on the type of scoliosis of adults and children's. Treatment of scoliosis depends upon several factors.

Rehabilitation & Sports Therapy
REHABILITATION

Rehabilitation is nothing but to bring back to a good condition. It is the act of restoring something to its original state. Rehabilitation works for restorage of patient's physical sensory and mental capabilities which is lost due to injury or illness or disease. It is prescribed by many type of injuries and it should be carried by qualified therapist. Loss of limb is one of the Example of rehabilitation.

SPORTS THERAPY

Sports therapy is concerned with health care to prevent injury and rehabilitation of the patient back for proper fitness and the patient health including sports fitness regardless of age and ability for being a sports therapist a bachelor's degree is needed which can be completed in 2 years. The training provided can be of exercise, kinesiology or athletic training related to sports

Pediatric Scoliosis

Rheumatology is specialist in non-surgical treatments of rheumatic illness, especially arthritis. It also had a special interest in rash, fever, anemia, weight loss, fatigue, muscle pain and many more. A Rheumatology is also an pediatrician or internist. They get a 4 years of osteopathic education with additional three years of residency for the education of pediatrician or internal medicine.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

a. Polyarthritis
b. Limping
c. Anemia
d. Fever
e. JOINT PAIN
F. Joint swelling
g. Joint stiffness
h. Joint warmth
i . Joint redness
j. Joint tenderness
k. Joint fatigue

RISK FACTORS

a. Age
b. Family
c. Gender

General Rheumatology



Spine

The spine is also known as vertebral column. It contains of 26 bones in adult body. Spine is our body's central support structure. It Is made of a chain of bones. Due to elastic ligaments and spinal ligaments and spinal disks it is flexible. There are three important parts of spine; they are as follows:
a. Cervical
b. Thoracic
c. Lumbar spine
Spine is also called as 'sacrum' which is a part of pelvis.

CAUSE OF SPINE PAIN

Our spine pains; due to pain in upper and middle back pain which is caused by muscle strain, overuse, ligament and discs that support your spine

5 MAJOR REGIONS OF SPINE

a. Cervical spine-appears in red color
b. Thoracic spine-appears in blue color
c. Lumbar spine-appears in yellow color
d. Sacral spine-appears in green color
e. Coccygeal- appears in purple color

Sports Health

The activity which involves physical exertion and skills is termed as sports. Playing sports develops muscles, co-ordinal, cardiovascular, bones and many more. Sports can develop motor skills and cognitive skills. Being physically active child makes a more strength as well as promoting lifelong health. Sports help to keep the body moving, feel independent, and socialize with others in a healthy way.


Sports achieve fitness, goals, mental health becomes strong, increase self-esteem. Person who participates in sports also have the benefit of friendship development; a part of group of sports; feeling shy. Sports is a key strange of removing stress. For being healthy proper diet is needed which should contain more vitamins and calcium. The food consumed should be of less oil. Proper diet will keep you away from disease

BENEFITS OF PLAYING SPORTS

a. Proper weight
b. Proper functioning of weight
c. Control diabetes
d. Low cholesterol levels
e. Low stress
f. Positive stress
g. Build self-esteem and mutual respect
h. Team work
i. Discipline
j. Strong bones or muscles
k. Stay hydrated
l. Strong bones or muscles
k. Proper brain health

Walkers tips

Walking is nothing but to pass on foot to move in a manner to maintain our health properly. Walking keeps our body feet and maintained properly.

BENEFITS OF WALKING

a. Improve mood
b. Strengthen your bones and muscles
c. Prevent heart disease
d. Prevent high blood pressure
e. Prevent type 2 disease
f. Maintain healthy weight
g. High cholesterol.
h. Weight control
i . Mental health
j. Good for heart
k. Maintain diabetes
l. Refresh exhausted body
d. Outdoor games
e. Indoor games

Walking increases our body weight also by burning calories. It increases the metabolic rate of body. Walking decreases the risk of many disease


Cane tips

Cane tip is nothing but a walking stick, long for adults and small for children. You can select a different manner as offered and served. Cane tip increase a person's balance while walking. There are varieties of cane used in different ways with same specialization as your choice. People mostly use cane tip for their weak point of side.



X-ray

It is a electromagnetic radiation that can be used to take images of human body. It is also used in preventing cancer and in exploring the cosmos. X-ray is used for checking broken bones. X-ray plays an important role in fight against cancer, With high energy. Patient's undergo treatment outside the body which is termed as external beam radiation therapy. The cancer cell inserted in body which is close proximity is termed as internal radiation therapy.

USES

a. Mammography
b. Dental examination
c. Orthopedic evaluation
X-ray shows the lungs condition as well as the chronic lungs conditions such as cystic fibrosis.

TYPES OF X-RAY

a. Bone and teeth x-ray
b. Chest x-ray
c. Abdomen x-ray and many more

Bone scan

Bone scan, is in which the bone is scanned to find the damaged part of bones in your body, find cancer which spreads to the bones. A bone scan helps to find a problem in days or months earlier than regular x-ray test. A bone scan is done for a finding the cancer must not spread to the bone such as breast, lung, kidney, thyroid gland, prostate gland.

There are three phase of bone scan; listed as:

a. Bone infection
b. Bone pain
c. Bone disease


Hip pain

Pain in hip pain itself is the pain in your pain. Hip pain originated with the problems of muscles, ligaments, tendons and other soft tissues that surround your hip joint.

5 COMMON CAUSES OF HIP PAIN

a. Tendinitis
b. Bursitis
c. Hernia
d. Gynecologist
e. Arthritis
f. Hip fractures


Headache

It is one of the most common medical complaints from all persons; in their life. An headache can occur in any part of the head.

CAUSES

a. Alcohol
b. Brain tumor
c. Brain freeze
d. Glaucoma
e. Stroke
f. Concussion
g. Dehydration
h. Influenza
If the headache is more painful you must go for
a. Blood test
b. X-ray
c. Brain scans
d. CT and MRI
Rest and relief is the another option for headache.

Alternative headache treatment is as follows

a. Hypnosis
b. Meditation
c. Herbal products
d. nutritional products

TYPES OF HEADACHE

a. Tension headache
b. Migraines
c. Rebound headache
d. Cluster headache
e. Thunderclap headache

Numbness

The ability to move is termed as numbness. Numbness is deprived of physical sensation.

TYPES

a. ARM
B. Hand
c. Finger
d. Leg
e. Foot
f. Buttock
g. Heel
h. Neck
i. Scalp
j. Hemipariesis
k. Elbow
l. Chain and many more.

CAUSES

a. Rheumatoid
b. Multiple sclerosis
c. Diabetes
d. Circulatory disease
e. Panic disease
f. Repetitive motion disorders and many more.

Arm pain

Arm pain is very common and had been suffering by most of all the people. Feeling pain throughout the arm.

COMMON CAUSES OF ARM PAIN

a. Neck arm pain
b. Thoracic outlet syndrome
c. Pinched nerve
d. Cervical radiculopathy
e. Arthritis
f. Shoulder pain
g. Muscle pain

SOURCES

a. Stress fracture
b. Fibromyalgia
c. Lupus
d. Arthritis
e. Psoriatic
f. Rheumatoid arthritis

Leg pain

When the pain occurs in nerves due to stimuli is termed as leg pain. Leg pain can be sharp, dull, numbing, tingling, burning, radiating or aching.

CAUSES

a. Sprains
b. Strains
c. Peripheral vascular disease
d. Sciatica
e. Sports and rehabilitation
f. Spinal stenosis
g. Shin splints
h. Radiculopathy
I. OSTEOCHONDROSES
j. ATHEROSCLEROSIS
k. Pulmonary embolism
l. Polio

SYMPTOMS ANS RISK FACTORS

a. Hormonal
b. Drugs
c. Overexertion
d. Inactivity
e. Calcium
f. Kidney failure
g. Claudication
h. Autoimmune disorders
I. Neuromuscular
j. Lead poisoning and many more.